Located as they are on Canada’s eastern seaboard, the Maritime Provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island are dominated by the sea, with jagged coastlines, picturesque bays, sandy beaches and towering cliffs. The sea did not just bring the early of settlers but influenced the development of ship-building and fishing. Forestry became important later and even now much of the region remains a wooded wilderness.
The urban areas of St John, the capital Fredericton and Moncton are service-based centres for the province’s extensive forestry, mining, farming and fishing. Tourism is significant with the port of St John a regular call for cruise ships.
Prince Edward Island
Centred on Charlottetown, PEI is a popular tourist destination, with music, theatre and culinary festivals in summer. Lucy Maud Montgomery wrote “Anne of Green Gables” here in the early 20th century and Green Gables House in Cavendish (open May to October) remains a pilgrimage for followers.
The traditional resource-based economy has diversified and though fishing remains the main industry the offshore oil and gas, defence and aerospace industries have become increasingly important. Halifax welcomes welcomes around 300,000 cruise ship passengers a year – many no doubt attracted by the province’s 87 national historic sites.